When was Russia’s new federal anti-smoking legislation passed?
The legislation, “On the protection of the health of citizens from the effects of secondhand smoke and the consequences of tobacco use” was passed by the State Duma on February 12, 2013, and approved by the Federation Council on February 20, 2013.
What is secondhand smoke?
Secondhand smoke is smoke inhaled involuntarily from tobacco being smoked by others.
Is it legal to smoke in the workplace or work zone?
According to the legislation, smoking is forbidden in workplaces or work zones located inside a building. Individual violators of this ban can incur fines of 500 to 1500 rubles.
Is it legal to smoke in the outdoor areas of cafes or restaurants?
Not if there is any roof, awning, or other overhead structure covering that area.
Is smoking legal in the buildings or on the grounds of educational institutions?
Smoking is banned on the territory and in the buildings of any educational institution. Individual violators of this ban can incur fines of 500 to 1500 rubles.
Is smoking legal on trains, airplanes, and public transportation?
Starting June 1, 2014, smoking was banned in all these areas. The ban also extends to train stations and airports.
Can tobacco companies act as sponsors?
Sponsorship by tobacco companies and sales promotion of tobacco products is forbidden under the new legislation. Violators are subject to an administrative fine of 2-3,000 rubles.
What are the rules regarding tobacco sales to minors?
The sale of tobacco to minors is illegal. Individual violators are subject to a fine of 3-5,000 rubles, employees to a fine of 30-50,000 rubles, and legal entities to a fine of 100-150,000 rubles.
Who is responsible for enforcing the law?
If an individual is smoking in a restricted area, then he is subject to fines from the police.
Rospotrebnadzor, Gospozhnadzor, and Rostransnadzor monitor and fine:
- Failure by individual entrepreneurs and legal entities to follow the legislation at their place of business;
- Failure to properly separate and equip special indoor or outdoor spaces for smoking.
Does the ban only apply to the smoking of cigarettes?
No, the law applies to the use of all tobacco products.
More detailed information on the new legislation is available to visitors on the Russian version of this website.